Apical stops in Arabana: lenition and undershoot

Mark Harvey, Juqiang Chen, Michael Carne, Rikke Bundgaard-Nielsen, Clara Stockigt, Jane Simpson, Sydney Strangways

Friday, December 16th, 2022, 11.45am – 12.15pm


 Commonly in Australian languages, the apical stops /t, ʈ/ show undershoot in manner, involving rhotic realizations: [r, ɾ, ɽ, ɻ], and in place involving the sublaminal target in retroflexion resulting in [t] realizations of /ʈ/. In Arabana, the apical stops rarely undershoot to rhotics, but undershoot realizations of /ʈ/ as [t]are common. Lenition theories posit that undershootcorrelates with reduced duration. Lenition theories differ as towhether they posit undershoot or duration as the definingcharacteristic of lenition. Arabana expands the theory testingspace as the manner undershoot is associated with reducedduration, but the place undershoot is not.