Variation in /t/ in Aboriginal and Mainstream Australian Englishes

Debbie Loakes, Kirsty McDougall, Adele Gregory

Wednesday, December 14th, 2022, Special Session 3.30pm – 5pm


This paper describes regional and social variation in /t/ in Australian Englishes (Aboriginal and Mainstream). Data are from two dialect communities and two regions in Victoria, Warrnambool and Mildura. Results show strong sociophonetic patterning for dialect and region, as well as age-related variability. Some patterns also emerge for gender for certain /t/ variants. This paper describes a possible link with consonant variability and voice quality; speaker groups that produce stops with more glottal constriction have been shown in other studies to have more laryngeal activity in vowels.